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A Hutchings Family History

An investigation into the origins of the Hutchings Family.

Introduction

The information collected for this document has been gathered from many sources and individuals, in particular the research of Ray Stone and Leslie Colins into the Burstock Parish Records at Dorchester has been extremely helpful in giving the earlier details of the family origins.  (Ray Stone is a descendant of Helena Hutchings).  Special thanks to Sid Callaway, who served with John Hutchings during WWII, and providing an interesting insight into their service years.
Although the information is sketchy in parts, more research would undoubtedly give increased detail, but the problem is to know when to stop exploring one individual and concentrate on someone else.  There are many avenues as yet unexplored, but the most interesting part is trying to understand the way in which they lived, and the social and economic pressures that made them move from one area to another in search of employment and a place to call Home.
One problem encountered throughout the tracing of the family tree is the spelling of the name HUTCHINGS.  Often it is written down as it is heard, and it can be spelt as Hutchings, Hutchins, Hutchens or other variations.  The Burstock parish register is a good example of how the name is spelt different ways for the same family.

Dorset

England was a place of turmoil in the 17th Century. The Civil War and Charles I’s execution (1649), Charles II regains the throne (1660). Bubonic plague killed over 100,000 in London alone (1665) and the great fire of London (1666). 

Dorset also saw the Monmouth Rebellion in 1685 when James Scott, Duke of Monmouth, landed near Lyme Regis in an attempt to wrest the crown from James II.  He marched inland and recruited many local recruits, but was finally defeated at Sedgmoor in Somerset.  Judge Jeffreys was sent to punish the rebels and nearly 200 people were condemned to death and about 800 transported.

In many Dorset villages, neighbour had fought neighbour causing much resentment for years afterward.  At Carscombe for example, Robert Fawn was hanged with twelve others, whilst at Weston Manor, nearby, George Penn was given 100 prisoners as part payment for helping to put down the rebellion.  He sold most of them to planters in America and the West Indies.

England was a place of turmoil in the 17th Century. The Civil War and Charles I’s execution (1649), Charles II regains the throne (1660). Bubonic plague killed over 100,000 in London alone (1665) and the great fire of London (1666). 

Dorset also saw the Monmouth Rebellion in 1685 when James Scott, Duke of Monmouth, landed near Lyme Regis in an attempt to wrest the crown from James II.  He marched inland and recruited many local recruits, but was finally defeated at Sedgmoor in Somerset.  Judge Jeffreys was sent to punish the rebels and nearly 200 people were condemned to death and about 800 transported.

In many Dorset villages, neighbour had fought neighbour causing much resentment for years afterward.  At Carscombe for example, Robert Fawn was hanged with twelve others, whilst at Weston Manor, nearby, George Penn was given 100 prisoners as part payment for helping to put down the rebellion.  He sold most of them to planters in America and the West Indies.

Burstock
The Origin of the Name Burstock:

Burewinestock
  Doomsday Book (1086)
Burgwine’s or Burgwynn’s STOC
Pipe Rolls (1179)
Burgwynn
is a woman’s name. STOC means Place.


Burstock Parish Register

Ray Stone provided the following transcript of Burstock Parish Register after a visit to Dorchester Records Office:


MICROFILM 110
PARISH REGISTER FOR BURSTOCK


1718 Aug 8 Benjamin Hutchins of Broadwinsor married Elizabeth Slade of Burstock.
1720 Apr 27 John, son of Benjamin Hutchins baptised.
1723 Apr 15 Thomas, son of Benjamin Hutchins baptised.
1744 Mar 3 Betty, daughter of John Hutchins baptised.
1751 Dec 8 Martha daughter of John Hutchins baptised.
1754 Jul 6 John, son of John Hutchins baptised.
1760 Feb 2 Ann Edgar daughter of John Hutchings baptised.
1763 Dec 25 Ann Hutchings buried.
1772 Mar 31 Betty Hutchings buried.
1781 Jan 29 John Hutchings, a cordwainer, married Betty Russell.
           Witness Thomas Prosser
           Richard Fowler
1781 Dec 23 Robert, son of John Hutchings baptised, at Broadwinsor.
1783 Oct 26 Benjamin, son of John Hutchings baptised.
1784 Dec 23 Robert, son of John Hutchings baptised.
1785 Jul 31 John, son of John Hutchings baptised.
1787 Dec 26 Betty daughter of John Hutchings baptised.
1798 Apr 29 Charles, son of John and Betty Hutchings baptised.
1801 Feb 13 John Hutchings buried.
1803 Mar 27 Eve Hutchings buried.
1804 Jun 3 Betty Hutchings buried.
1807 Sep 21 Joan Hutchings dau of Richard and Jean Hutchings baptised.
1807 Sep 21 Jean Hutchings buried.
1831 Sep 1 John Hutchings aged 78 yrs, buried.

Of course, this alone does not mean that any of these people are connected in any way, but the research is mostly carried out 'in reverse' and tracking back through certificates and Street Census's confirm that the Benjamin baptised on 26 Oct 1783 is a direct ancestor.
The two Johns are possibly Benjamin's Father and Grandfather. Could the 'Benjamin Hutchins of Broadwinsor' be his Great Grandfather? Quite a tenous link I'll admit. Looking further back for possible ancestors in the Broadwinsor/Burstock area; microfiched parish records give other possible names and dates, which at the moment have to be treated as "subject to confirmation" to put it lightly!
Descendants of: John Howchyns?

1 John Howchyns b. Abt 1506 m. Abt 1529 Joane ? b. Abt 1510 
   2 Alice Hutchins b. Abt 1530 
   2 George Hutchins b. 1532 d. 1620 m. 5 Jun 1588 Alice ? b. 1565 d. Abt 1612 
      3 Mathew Hutchins b. 26 Jul 1601 d. Dec 1684 m. Abt 1627 Marjore b. Abt 1606 
         4 Dorcas Hutchins b. 1629 
         4 Elizabeth Hutchins b. 27 Mar 1631 
         4 Joan Hutchins b. 1634 
         4 Mathew Hutchins b. 6 Sep 1640 m. Abt 1666 ? Hutchins b. Abt 1645 
            5 Hugh Hutchins b. 1 Jan 1667 m. Abt 1689 Susanna ? b. Abt 1670 
                             m. Oct 1712 Mary Knight b. Abt 1688 
               6 Hugh Hutchins b. Abt 1686 
               6 Eleza Hutchins b. Abt 1688 
               6 Thomas Hutchins b. 1690 d. 20 Aug 1747 
               6 Benjamin Hutchins b. 22 Mar 1695 d. 20 Jun 1742 m. 8 Aug 1718 Elizabeth Slade b. Abt 1700 
                  7 John Hutchins b. 27 Apr 1720 m. 15 Apr 1744 Eve Edgar b. Abt 1725 
                     8 Betty Hutchins 
                     8 Martha Hutchings 
                     8 John Hutchings m. 29 Jan 1781 Betty Russell 
                        9 Robert Hutchings b. 23 Dec 1781 
                        9 Benjamin Hutchings b. 26 Oct 1783 d. 19 Feb 1858 m. Charlotte Bath b. CIR 1803 
                        9 John Hutchings b. 31 Jul 1785 
                        9 Betty Hutchings b. 26 Dec 1787 
                        9 Charles Hutchings b. 29 Apr 1798 
                     8 Ann Edgar Hutchings 
                  7 Thomas Hutchins b. 15 Apr 1723 
               6 Susanna Hutchins b. 10 Jul 1702 
               6 William Hutchins b. 27 Aug 1703 
               6 Elizabeth Hutchins b. 1708 
               6 James Hutchins b. 30 Apr 1715 
         4 Roger Hutchins b. 16 Apr 1643 d. 16 Feb 1713 
         4 Margaret Hutchins b. 8 Jun 1645 
         4 Henry Hutchins b. 1 Feb 1648 
         4 Grace Hutchins b. 1 Feb 1650 
         4 Arthur Hutchins b. 4 Mar 1653 
   2 Robert Hutchins b. Abt 1534 
   2 Joan Hutchins b. Abt 1536 
   2 John Hutchens b. 1536 d. 1616 m. 18 Jan 1574 Welthian 
   2 James Hutchins b. 1542 d. 1612 m. 22 Sep 1566 Katherine 
      3 John Hutchens b. 1580 m. 9 Aug 1610 Mrs John Hutchins b. 1585 
                 m. 18 Apr 1605 Faith Hooper 
                 m. 9 Nov 1618 Marie Palmer 
         4 Dorothie Hutchins b. 1613 
         4 Mathew Hutchins b. 1616 
         4 John Hutchins b. 21 Oct 1611 

The numbers represent descendant generations.
What must life have been like back in the 1700's? There were no utilities as we have today. No cars, buses or trains. No electricity, gas, plumbed water or WC's. No telephones, post offices or stamps -In 1712 the last execution for witchcraft took place.
The 1851 census for Fareham shows Benjamin's Birth place as Broadwinsor, Devon. He was, in fact, born at Burstock, a suburb of Broadwin(d)sor.

Fareham High Street Census, 30 March 1851; showing Benjamin as a Dealer in Shoes, aged 67

Benjamin lived and worked in Fareham as a shoemaker or cordwainer, and his first son, John was born there in 1828. He then spent some time in Twyford as a Tollgate Keeper, and his children Charles (1830), Sarah (1832) and Fanny (1834) were born there. Eventually he returned to Fareham where, Jane (1839), Hannah (1841), Henry (1843), Mary (1845) and Jesse (1849) were born.

Benjamin died in Fareham in 1858 in the High Street. His wife continued to live and work in their shop and sold furniture.

Fareham High Street. The Shops with the Walls sign is where Benjamin and his family lived.

In 1871, aged 68, she dealt in china for a living, had her son Jesse, and daughter Mary living with her - as well as a lodger. Mary's three children were also living here, and the street census for 1871 makes interesting reading. Here you can see that her daughter left home and two of her children were born in Purbrook. Mary's last child, aged 4 months, was born here, in Fareham.

House No

Name

Relationship to Head of Family

Condition

Age

Occupation

Where Born

26 High St

Ann Ford

Head

Unm

46

Dressmaker

Fareham, Hants

Louisa Ford

Sister

Unm

44

Dressmaker

Fareham, Hants

27 High St

Charlotte Hutchings

Head

Widow

68

China Dealer

Ubley, Somerset

Jesse

Son

Unm

22

Labourer

Fareham, Hants

Mary Williams

Dau

Mar

25

 

Fareham, Hants

Alfred E Williams

Grandson

 

4

 

Purbrook, Hants

Annie C Williams

Granddaughter

 

2

 

Purbrook, Hants

Harry W Williams

Grandson

 

4m

 

Fareham, Hants

Henry Carter

Lodger

Unm

40

Bookmaker

Broadway, Dorset

28 High St

“Golden Lion”

James McDonald

Head

Mar

30

Hotel Keeper

Scotland

Jane McDonald

Wife

Mar

30

 

Hambledon Hants

Sophia M McDonald

Dau

 

4

 

Fareham, Hants

Alexander McDonald

Son

 

3

 

Fareham, Hants

James Pratt

Servant

Unm

26

Domestic Servant

Porchester, Hants

Edward Holliday

Servant

Unm

23

Domestic Servant

Southampton, Hants

Henry Trigg

Lodger

Unm

25

Farmer

Selbourn, Hants.

The street census' provide a great deal of information; place of birth, age and occupation. Useful clues as to where to look next for information. As you can see from the table above, two sisters lived next door, called Ford. Benjamin's death certificate was witnessed by one, Jane Ford;- any relation to these sisters I wonder? Benjamin's second eldest son, Charles, had already left to live in Portsmouth and his skill as a plasterer would have been much in demand by the rapidly expanding dockyard population. Charles' wife Sophy had arrived in Old Portsmouth with her parents from Sussex, where employment of Sophy's father on the railway as a porter provided them with a living. Charles married Sophy in 1854 and they set up home first in Stone Street, then in Grafton Street, where in 1895 "Charles Hutchings & Sons Plasterers" had their business . 

At his death the business was valued at Ł933.14s.9d. Strangely enough, Charles died on the same day of the year (19th Feb) as his father Benjamin! Charles had seven children, of which his youngest Benjamin (born 30 Nov 1873) is a direct ancestor. 

After a period as a tailors apprentice, Benjamin became a bricklayer, purchasing 8 Knox Road on 29th Nov 1899 where he lived until his death on 4th Dec 1946.

 

Page Last Updated 11/08/2013